Arthritis is a condition that refers to a group of joint diseases that result in severe pain and related discomforts. It is an inflammatory condition affecting joints in any part of your body. Body joints are protected by soft tissues known as cartilages. A fluid known as synovium flows through the joints and cartilages and lubricates them as needed. However, multiple factors that damage cartilages or the fluid expose joints to sudden shock or pressure. And this is what is known as arthritis.
Besides, an external infection, autoimmune condition affecting joints, other health issues having detrimental effect on joints can lead to a condition of excessive joint pain or arthritis.
NO. Arthritis becomes a life long trouble once developed and is not curable completely. However, treatments, diet and positive lifestyle changes can help to reduce severity of symptoms to a great extent.
In reality, there are more than 100 different type of arthritis. However, few of the common forms are:
Individuals having high levels of Uric acid in body tend to develop some crystal like structure inside joints. This condition is known as gout. Men remain more prone to gout as compared to women. Knees, ankles and toes are mostly affected with gout.
Kidney troubles make people be at high risk of gout. Therefore , opting for timely kidney function tests and also knowing your uric acid levels can help prevent this disease.
Gout is slightly different from other forms of arthritis as the symptoms are periodic - they come and go. Gout is characterized by swelling, redness and itching around the affected area. The skin also appears slightly shiny during gout.
Yes, gout can very well affect your neck. Although gout is first diagnosed around your toes, feet or ankle, elevated levels of uric acid may develop similar crystals around neck and thus cause gout in the neck and shoulder region as well.
Osteoarthritis mostly relates to that condition where bone joint troubles arise due to cartilage damage. Rheumatoid arthritis on the other hand is an autoimmune disorder where the body's immune mechanism is abnormally altered and thus attacks the body joints and tissues.
Both these types however relate to family history. If any one in your family suffers from arthritis, you may also develop the disease at some point of time. However, osteoarthritis is more related to aging. Most patient who suffer from arthritis actually suffer from osteoarthritis.
Obesity and poor life style also impact your joints negatively, causing any of the two forms of arthritis. A pathogenic infection may sometimes be a reason behind Rheumatoid Arthritis, if the immune system is adversely affected during any microbial infection.
Following are few of the common symptoms experienced with osteoarthritis:
Following are few of the common symptoms experienced with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
Yes, children may also suffer from arthritis, known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis affecting children is said to cause juvenile arthritis. Children born with this autoimmune condition, start showing symptoms at very tender age or early adolescence.
Septic arthritis is caused by bacterial and fungal infections. Therefore, hepatitis in any form, makes people very susceptible to develop this form of arthritis at later stages. Septic arthritis affects one single bone at a time. Mostly knee and hip bones are affected.
Yes, people suffering from psoriasis can develop psoriatic arthritis at later stages. Factors that lead to psoriasis can bring about joint problems, if not treated at early stage.
Spinal arthritis is known as spondylitis. Men and women equally are susceptible to develop spondylitis. It is characterized by prolonged pain around lower back, hip and shoulders. Extreme stiffness is accompanied by the pain that does not disappear within 3 months. Spondylitis is mostly hereditary. Therefore, if you have family members suffering from spine arthritis, taking prior precaution in the form of exercises is mandatory. However, always discuss this with your doctor before you start with any exercise.
Bone and joint disorder can raise similar symptoms. Therefore, diagnostic tests become mandatory to confirm arthritis and rule out other bone disorders. A doctor usually orders an X ray, CT Scan, MRI Scan etc., post physical examination.
Hepatitis A, B or C tests can also be performed in case of septic arthritis. Other blood tests and genetic markers may be opted as and when need arises.
As already mentioned, arthritis can never be completely cured. However, treatment to reduce severity of symptoms and prevent further damage is very much available. Arthritis of any form has three treatment aspects: Medication, Surgery and Lifestyle changes.
Medication - Doctors mostly prescribe a set of medicines when patients are detected with arthritis in any form. These medicines aim at reducing severity of symptoms and allowing patients to carry on with normal activities without much hindrance. However, regular monitoring of these prescribed drugs is crucial to avoid unwanted consequences.
Surgery - At worst cases where medication and lifestyle changes are not bringing about required results, surgical treatment needs to be opted for. Knee replacement surgery, Hip replacement surgeries etc., are being performed on a regular basis in various health care centers across cities in India.
Life style changes - A lot can be achieved if proper life style and dietary changes can be adopted. Physical exercises as recommended by doctor, diet to improve bone and joint health, reduced stress levels etc., can all contribute in treating arthritis to a great extent.
Following are recommended food items that must be a part of your diet plan while treating arthritis:
Following are the food items you need to avoid if diagnosed with arthritis. However, you can always discuss your diet plan with your doctor before eliminating any food item totally.
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