Though this condition is commonly found in males because it is an X chromosome linked disorder, sometimes it can cause bleeding symptoms in females too. Some significant cases are:
Hemophilia can be treated with replacement therapy and anti fibrinolytic medication.
Hemophilia is more common in males. However, girls can develop hemophilia if she inherits the altered gene from her father, as well as her mother. Thus, it is possible, but only in rare cases (refer question 4)
The crucial signs and symptoms of hemophilia include excessive bleeding and easy bruising.
Mostly hemophilia emerges as a genetic disorder, which means that the genetic makeup of a person determines whether the person has hemophilia or not. The condition is mainly caused by a defect in the clotting factor gene that lies on the X chromosome.
Emergency symptoms of hemophilia are:
Hemophilia can be diagnosed before, during or after birth, if there's a family history of the disorder
Screening tests are blood tests that show if blood is clotting properly. The various types of screening tests are:
Levels of Factor VIII or IX in the blood:
Conclusive diagnosis of hemophilia, before a child is born can be done with invasive procedures like amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling.
A father can give half of his sex chromosomes to a child. So either it is X or it is Y chromosome. If the child inherits the Y chromosome it will be a boy and if X it will be a girl. If the boy inherits an altered X chromosome from the mother then he will hemophilia. Thus the mother is a carrier of the disorder as she herself does not suffer from the condition, but can pass on the hemophilia gene to her children.
To reduce swelling and pain in affected joints:
Hemophilia cannot be cured, but patients who start prophylaxis by the age of three, show better musculoskeletal result and lesser joint bleeds. People with hemophilia should:
Provide us with your name and phone number to get an instant callback from one of our healthcare consultants.