Listed below is the step by step procedure of Laser Spine Surgery:
A laser spine surgery is a surgical procedure that uses a form of light energy (laser) to treat problems related to your spine. Laser helps in removal of tissues and treating pathological changes that have occured in a minimal invasive manner. However, the type of laser used in a laser spine surgery depends on the approach of surgery being performed and the type of tissue being treated.
A spine surgery is one of the best diagnostic and treatment method to deal with your spinal disorders. There are many approaches that can be used to perform a spine surgery. A spine surgery assisted using a laser mechanism has found to have several advantages over the traditional methods. One of the advantage is that this surgery utilizes minimum invasive approach that reduces the recovery time period for the patient.
A laser spine surgery can be required to get accurate results out of a surgery by causing minimum damage and bleeding. Following health conditions may require a laser spine surgery:
A laser spine surgery can also be perform to reduce complications that occurs from a spine surgery. A laser spine surgery can be recommended by your surgeon as it involves the following advantages over the other methods:
Preoperative preparations include several steps that are needful for the laser spine surgery. These steps may involve various diagnostic tests for determining your spinal disorders and learning about various aspects related to it as well as collecting tissue samples to monitor it under a microscope.
A laser spine surgery can be performed for various parts of your spinal cord. Therefore, any of the above diagnostic tests can be used for various spinal conditions. Such tests may include:
Any suspicious spinal cord injury or damage can be diagnosed using X-rays. X-rays are very useful in learning problems present in the spinal column, tumors, degenerative changes, fractures and many other deformities of the spine.
A CT scan gives a better view of the abnormalities present in your spinal cord. A CT scan generates a cross sectional images of bones, disk, nerves and other tissue bodies of the spine. This scanned images are collected and provided to your computer. The computer screen displays these collected information in the form of pictures.
A MRI scanning test uses strong magnetic field and radio waves to create pictures of the internal structures of your body. This test helps to verify various problems related to the spinal cord like blood clots, nerve compressions, herniated disks, etc.
Myelogram is also a scanning mechanism that used a contrast dye injected within your veins. X-ray or CT scan is then performed to monitor the deformities of the spinal column, nerve roots, and other tissues bodies surrounding the spinal cord.
Nerve Condition Velocity is a test to determine nerve problems like nerve compressions, degenerative nerves, etc.
An electromyography is a test conducted to learn of certain diseases that occur due to abnormalities in the muscles. This test is usually combined with the NCV test to differentiate between a muscle disorder and a nerve disorder.
Tissue biopsy tests can be performed in order to learn about tumors present in your spinal cord. Issues like infections, inflammation or many other abnormal conditions can also be diagnosed using a tissue biopsy. Tissue samples are collected and sent to the labs to learn about the type and other factors about the tumor.
There are many mandatory tests that needs to be conducted before any patient goes for a surgery. If the results of these tests are normal, it indicates that the person is eligible for the laser spine surgery.
Some of the common tests and examination include:
Various types of blood tests are performed to make a note of certain aspects about the patient.
An imaging test can also be performed a day before surgery to locate the surgical areas. Doctors usually draw a mark on such areas where surgery is required.
Your doctor conducts a physical examination session a day before your surgery to monitor your basic health condition. Blood pressure is one of the important part of the check up included in physical examination. If your B.P. is high or low, you are not eligible for any kind of surgery. Doctors try to normalize your blood pressure to make your body ready for the surgery.
If you have any medical history or previous surgeries, talk to your doctor about it. Some patient's are allergic to anesthesia or contrast material. At such times, let your doctor know about it so that you do not face any problem during your surgery.
Inform your doctor about the following:
On the day of your laser spine surgery make sure you reach your surgical center on time. One must get proper sleep a day before surgery so that your body is relaxed and ready for the execution of the surgery procedure. Before the surgical process begins, your vitals will be checked. Nurses will make intravenous points on your veins to provide necessary fluids into your system. Your vital signs will be regularly monitored during your operation that also includes monitoring your pulse, blood pressure and respiration.
The first step of a laser spine surgery involves sedating your body by injecting general anesthesia into the vein of your arm. This makes your body numb and puts you to sleep while the procedure is carried out.
Method of Laser Spine Surgery involves collection of liver fromm donor, removal of diseased liver and implantation of new liver in the patient's abdominal cavity. There is need to make connections for new liver to get blood flow. Inferior vena cava, the hepatic artery, the portal vein and bile duct are the structures that need to be reconnected. Given below is the sequence of events in the operation room.
As laser spine surgery is minimally invasive procedure it is mostly out-patient. Patients can go home within few hours after the surgery is performed. Your doctor will provide you with all the necessary set of instructions you must follow at home for a better recovery. He/she will also prescribe medications to enhance healing and relieve your pain.
Recovery for every laser spine surgery is different. Most patients might completely recover within 6 weeks of post surgery period. Those who have had a complex surgery may require longer period of time for recovery.
It is a possibility that you will be unconscious after the laser surgery procedure as well. Your team of doctors will shift you to a general ward and allow you to rest and sleep until you gain consciousness. Your vitals will be monitored in order to check whether everything is working normal. Any abnormal condition after the surgery will be immediately treated by your doctor.
Your site of wounds and stitches will be cleaned with an antiseptic solution and bandaged well. This is usually done to avoid any risk of bleeding and infections. Most patients are provided with brace or specialized implants to improve pain for some few weeks and preserve the muscle functionalities.
If your have undergone a complexe type of laser spine surgery, you may be asked to stay back at the hospital for a few days. Most patients are sent home within hours of post surgery.
Make sure there is someone from your friends or family to accompany you while going home. Do not drive your self home. Your doctor will also suggest you about the activities you can and you cannot perform. Follow the necessary advise as well as precautions.
Recovery at home depends on the home care. Follow all the instructions that enhances your recovery process. Take medicines on time. Consume proper amount of diet while you are under medication. Your medicines are quite powerful, therefore make sure you eat proper, nutritious, energy-rich food to sustain your body and health conditions.
You are allowed to perform gentle exercises that do not put any strain on your surgical areas. Avoid putting any pressure to your surgical parts as this may open up your stitches or wounds and result into bleeding. Follow all the precautions mentioned by your surgeon. Also, ensure you keep your bandages dry to avoid infections. Change these bandages on time as a measure of hygiene. For any other medical assistance, consult your doctor.
Precautions help to avoid occurrence of any risk or complications. Hence, it is also an important part of your healing and recovery. Following are the precautionary measures required after a laser spine surgery:
Your doctor can also conduct certain physical therapy sessions that can be helpful to enhance healing both physically and mentally. These therapies may include simple and gentle exercises to help your body recover. These exercises should be continued at home as well. A physical therapy can go for around 2 to 6 weeks.
If you have any doubts regarding your health conditions or you require any other medical assistance you should discuss it with your physician.
There are potential risks and complications involved in a laser spine surgery.
The common risks and complications of a laser spine surgery includes:
Ensure that you inform your doctor about these health disorders you face after the laser spine surgery. He/she will find a better treatment to fix such issues and provide relief to your body.
To conclude, the above article contains all the necessary details about laser spine surgery. Various types of surgical methods and techniques are also mentioned along with preoperative and post operative measures.
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