Osteoarthritis is a disease of joints affecting the cartilage, which is a slippery tissue covering bone ends in joints. Healthy cartilage facilitates gliding of bones and also helps in absorbing movement shock.
When a person suffers from osteoarthritis, the top cartilage layer breaks and wears out. This leads to bones below cartilage to rub against each other and cause swelling, pain and motion loss of the concerned joint.
Though completely eliminating the possibility of developing osteoarthritis cannot be achieved, decreasing risk can be done by following the below mentioned aspects.
Exercise regularly: Though regular exercise leads to healthy joints, straining joints; especially those at knees, hands and hips, needs to be avoided. So instead of weight training and running, you can opt for cycling and swimming that are considered better options when it comes to prevention of damage to joints.
Good posture: Maintaining this is extremely important. Do not stay is one position for long duration. If at work desks, ensure that the chair you sit on is at right height. Regular breaks are necessary to easy your muscles are are highly recommended.
Engaging in aerobic activities such as brisk walking and cycling for strengthening muscles is recommended. Again, remember to avoid straining joints while you enjoy these activities.
Talk to your doctor or a professional dietitian for weight loss. Obesity is bad and can definitely lead to developing osteoarthritis. Moreover, being obese can lead to other medical ailments as well. So maintaining correct weight is crucial for your health.
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